The human expression of any generation can be observed from the kind of art that was seen during that time. Therefore, art not only registers the lifestyle of a current era, it also captures the essence of the kind of people who shaped that century.
Broadly art can be classified into two categories – traditional art and contemporary art. As the name suggests traditional art has ancient roots and has seen the beginnings of every civilization. This is the art that was made by early humans, and will have a special character to it.
This can range from a political depiction, to a religious drawing or even showcase how the society functioned and what was the lifestyle of people in those times. Some paintings would capture the historic events that took place in the country within that time period whereas, others would portray the cultural influences prevalent during those years.
If you see a traditional art form from Egypt, it will be very different from a painting from Greece, Japan, India, China or Rome, as every country will have their own specific form of traditional art.
On the other hand, contemporary art is the complete opposite of the aforementioned art form. It is a result of rebellion, asking tough questions, abandoning, opposing and going against the traditional believes and blind following of cultures. It brings fresh ideas, encourages experimentation, offers a freedom to think beyond the box, create something that does not exist and till then could not be imagined.
Shattering taboos and expressing one’s originality is what contemporary art propagates. It is not gender, culture, country or material specific; it does not have set rules and can be attempted by everyone. It is easy to find contemporary art from any part of the world and it would have the same level of appeal across the globe.
Contemporary art is believed to have brought about art movements like Dadaism, cubism, surrealism, expressionism and Fauvism. It is an art-form that is constantly evolving as it changes with times.